[Frontiers in Bioscience 3, b6-10, May 1, 1998]
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CAVEAT LECTOR




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A STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF RENAL PELVIC AND URETERIC DISTENSION ON THE ANORECTAL FUNCTION WITH IDENTIFICATION OF THE "RENO-ANAL REFLEX"

Ahmed Shafik

Department of Surgery and Experimental Research, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

Received 3/20/98 Accepted 4/30/98

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. Abstract
2. Introduction
3. Material and methods
3.1. Subjects
3.2. Methods
3.2.1. External anal sphincter electromyography
3.2.2. Anesthetisation of the renal pelvis, ureter and external anal sphincter
3.2.3. Statistical analysis
4. Results and Discussion
4.1. Effect of renal pelvic distension on the anal and rectal pressures
4.2. Effect of ureteric distension on the anal and rectal pressure
4.3. Effect of renal pelvic and ureteric distension on the external anal sphincter EMG
4.4 Effect of renal pelvic and ureteric distension on the anesthetised renal pelvis, ureter and external anal sphincter
5. Acknowledgement
6. References
7. Entire manuscript

Key words:Renal pelvis, Ureter; Rectum, Anal canal, Reflex, Calculus

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