[Frontiers in Bioscience 3, e1-12, January 1, 1998]
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DIAGNOSTIC STRATEGIES IN PNEUMOCYSTIS CARINII PNEUMONIA

University of Cincinnati Medical Center, PO Box 670564, Cincinnati OH 45267-0564

Robert P. Baughman, John D. Liming

Received 7/18/97 Accepted 11/27/97

1. Abstract

2. Introduction
3. History/Physical Examination /Routine Laboratory Tests
3.1. History
3.2. Physical examination
3.3. Laboratory tests
3.4. Empiric therapy vs bronchoscopic diagnosis

4. Diagnostic sampling
4.1. Induced sputum
4.2. BAL and bronchial washing
4.3. Transbronchial biopsy
4.4. BAL alone
4.5. Open lung biopsy

5. Stains for identification
5.1. Traditional pathologic stains
5.2. Immunofluorescent stains
5.3. Identification using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)

6. Perspective
7. Acknowledgments
8. References
9. Entire manuscript

Key words: Pneumocystis carinii, AIDS, Pneumonia, PCR