[Frontiers in Bioscience 12, 1670-1679, January 1, 2007]
Identification of a new AT-rich-element binding factor PsATF1 and its combined effect with PsGBF on the activation of PsCHS1 promoter
Wanqiang Qian, Guihong Tan, Shanping He, Xinyue Zhang, Xu Zhang, Yin Gao, Hongxia Liu and Chengcai An
The National Laboratory of Protein Engineering and Plant Genetic Engineering, College of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, P. R. China
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chaltone synthase (CHS) is a key speed-limiting enzyme in the phenylpropanoid pathway which plays an important role in plant defense response against pathogens. In the PsCHS1 promoter, there is an AT-rich element (ATRE) which is required for the maximal elicitor-mediated activation. However, the transcription activator of the ATRE and its regulation mechanism in pea keep unclear. In this paper, a new ATRE-binding factor was isolated from an elicitor-induced pea cDNA expression library and was designated as PsATF1. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) indicated the ATRE-specific binding activity of PsATF1. Beta-galactosidase assays in yeast cells suggested that PsATF1 possessed transcription-activating activity because PsATF1 activated the expression of the reporter gene even without the GAL4 activation domain (AD). The current study also examined the co-activation effects of PsATF1 with another transcription factor PsGBF on ATRE or PsCHS1 promoter through a transient expression system. The present work reports that PsATF1 acts as a complete transcription activator and first indicates that there are combinated effects of PsATF1 with PsGBF on the activation of PsCHS1 promoter. These results provide theoretical basis to the plant defense gene expression mechanism regulated by multiple activators.