[Frontiers in Bioscience E4, 2586-2606, June 1, 2012]

Role of obesity, alcohol and smoking on bone health

Fini Milena1, Salamanna Francesca1, Veronesi Francesca1,Torricelli Paola1,Nicolini Andrea2,Benedicenti Stefano3,Carpi Angelo4, Giavaresi Gianluca1

1Laboratory of Preclinical and Surgical Studies-Rizzoli Orthopaedic Institute, Bologna, Italy, 2Department of Internal Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy, 3Department of Medical Science, Dentistry, and Biophysics, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy, 4Department of Reproduction and Ageing, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy

FIGURES

Figure 1. Number and type of publications found in accordance to chosen research strategies for A) obesity, B) alcohol and C) smoke-related bone disorders. *The research for this type of article was performer using only the following MeSH terms: (("Smoke"(MeSH) OR "Smoking"(MeSH) OR "Nicotine"(MeSH)) AND ("Osteoblasts" (MeSH)). ** The research for this type of article was performer using only "Ethanol"(MeSH) AND "Osteoblasts" (MeSH)).

Figure 2. Histograms of the observational studies examined for obesity, alcohol and smoke-related bone disorders.