[Frontiers in Bioscience, Elite, 12, 35-47, Jan 1, 2020]

Pheromone baited biopesticide for control of Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee in brinjal plant

Mohammed Siddeek Fathima Nusra1,2, Priyani Ashoka Paranagama2, Lalithanjalie Deepika Amarasinghe3, Dinusha Nishani Udukala1

1College of Chemical Sciences, Institute of Chemistry Ceylon, Rajagiriya, Sri Lanka, 2Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Kelaniya, Kelaniya, Sri Lanka, 3 Department of Zoology and Environmental Management, Faculty of Science, University of Kelaniya, Kelaniya, Sri Lanka

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. Abstract
2. Introduction
3. Nature and extent of damage
4. Life cycle of BFSB
5. Semiochemicals
6. Chemical and physical properties of semiochemicals
7. Plant volatiles
8. Pheromones and Allelochemicals
9. Female sex pheromones of BFSB
10. Management of BFSB using pheromone
11. Pheromone application and trap designs
12. Conclusion
13. References

1. ABSTRACT

Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee, Brinjal fruit and shoot borer (BFSB), is the major pest on brinjal world wide. Larvae of this pest cause the damage; which at initial stages adversely affect the shoot growth, and in later stages diminish fruit quality. Spraying of insecticides is the main pest control method. This has been absolutely ineffective due to concealed habit of the larvae. Such a phenomenon apprehends to the development of insecticides resistance which demands continuously increasing doses. Manipulating the insect behavior using semiochemicals could be an opportunity for better management of insect pest. Application of BFSB sex pheromone components (E)-11-hexadecenyl acetate (E11-16: Ac) alone or in combination with (E)-11-hexadecen-1-ol (E11-16: OH) in traps can be used to suppress the populating growth. Goal-oriented interdisciplinary research on semiochemicals for sound administration of BFSB will depend on a better understanding of the key chemical ecology stimuli of relevance to the pest.

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Abbreviations: BFSB: brinjal fruit and shoot borer; VOCs: volatile organic compounds; L. orbonalis: Leucinodes orbonalis; IPM: integrated pest management; UV: ultra violent; (E11-16: Ac): (E)-11-hexadecenyl acetate; (E11-16: OH): (E)-11-hexadecen-1-ol; Z-E: is a IUPAC preferred method of notation describing the absolute stereochemistry of double bonds in organic chemitry

Key Words: Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee, Semiochemicals, Pheromones, Insecticides, Chemical Ecology, Review

Send correspondence to: Priyani A. Paranagama, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Kelaniya, Kelaniya, Sri Lanka, Tel.: 940112903262, 2914486, Fax: 940112903279, E-mail: priyani@kln.ac.lk