[Frontiers in Bioscience, Landmark, 22, 982-990, January 1, 2017]

Third phase science: defining a novel model of research into human ageing

Marios Kyriazis 1

1ELPIs Foundation for Indefinite Lifespans, York Road, London TW106DR


1. Abstract
2. Introduction
3. Discussion
    3.1. The three phases of scientific inquiry
    3.2. The patient in the context of the environment
    3.3. Item-based, physical therapies
4. The alternative model
5. Conclusion
6. Acknowledgement
7. References


While the current paradigm of research into ageing relies heavily upon reductionist premises, and it has clearly not produced any of the dramatic benefits anticipated in our fight against ageing, the majority of scientists are hesitant, unable or unwilling to consider different or alternative models. In this paper I will discuss some of the shortcomings of a reductionist view of research aimed at finding treatments against ageing degeneration, and I will highlight several areas where proposed future treatments for basic age-relateddegeneration may be vulnerable to severe criticism. As an alternative model, I will attempt to present a different integrative concept of research which may result in a decrease of the impact of ageing, in participating humans. This model is based on a more inclusive worldview, examining the relationship between humans and their environment, the integration of humans with technology, and the biological consequences of an increasingly techno-cognitive ecosystem.


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Key Words: Ageing, Degeneration, Third Phase Science, Reductionism, Rejuvenation, Biotechnologies, Techno-Culture, Review

Send correspondence to: Marios Kyriazis, ELPIs Foundation for Indefinite Lifespans, York Road, London TW106DR, UK, Tel: 00447850221796. E-mail: drmarios@live.it